home security: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly
The start of the recorded historical past of the northern Frederick County is intently tied to rivalry between England and France. When the first Europeans settled in the Emmitsburg area, within the early eighteenth century, the English government was casting a anxious eye at French moves to assert the inside of the American continent. France's holdings there threatened to limit English affect to the coastal strip east of the Allegheny mountains, and, thereby, forestall English dominance of northern America.
To counter French encroachment, the English authorities began an energetic policy of promoting settlement of the wilderness. Settlers had been organized into groups of a whole bunch. The first settlers, in the area below energetic analysis by the Greater Emmitsburg Area Historical Society, have been collectively generally known as the Tom's Creek Hundred. Their settlement encompassed land from just north of present day Thurmont to the previous Pennsylvania border, from the Monocacy to the Catoctin Mountains.
The Tom Indians, who occupied the Emmitsburg area, had by this time either moved westward or died from European illnesses akin to small pox. Because of this, the land occupied by the Tom's Creek Hundred was practically devoid of Indians and, therefore, ripe for settlement by the English.
While the Royal authorities opened the land to all settlers for a nominal price, it favored a number of choose aristocrats by providing them giant tracts of land in reward for their assist of the Crown. One of many earliest land barons within the valley was John Diggs.
Diggs, a grandson of the Royal Governor of Virginia, was a rich Catholic who performed a dominant position in the typically-bloody border dispute between the Maryland and Pennsylvania governments. With ownership of the Chesapeake and the mouth of the Susquehanna, Maryland pressed its claim of what is now center Pennsylvania. This remained a dispute that was not settled till the Mason-Dixon line was laid out.
Diggs believed his proper to land, primarily based upon his aristocratic standing, entitled him to most of northern and western Maryland. In 1732, Diggs formally claimed, although with none authority, all the vacant land on the Monocacy and its many branches, which included all of present day Emmitsburg. In July 1743, Diggs managed to obtain title to a few tracts of land within the Emmitsburg space. Diggs' land grabbing was shortly mimicked by others, albeit in a smaller trend.
Sadly for the land speculators and the settlers, the race between the French and English for the interior of the continent quickly got out of hand. In 1754, the English were not only preventing the French, but their Indian allies as properly. While little fighting occurred in the Emmitsburg space, Indian raiding parties periodically moved by way of the area. Because of this, many settlers withdrew to the relative security of coastal cities.
With the tip of the Seven Years Struggle in Europe, in which France ceded sovereignty of the interior of North America to the English, settlers as soon as again solid their eyes toward the wilderness. Some fled from extreme spiritual persecution, others from the oppression of raise alert civil tyranny, and still others had been attracted by the hopes of liberty underneath the milder influence of English colonial rule. But for the best half, the settlers flocked to the American continent in the hopes of abandoning the crushing poverty of their homeland and for the prospect to own land and prosper by way of their